The Manitoba Metis Federation sent 11 questions to the four main federal political parties regarding important Metis issues.

You can read the question we presented and the federal parties' responses by clicking the question you wish to see below. 

Under each question, we have listed each federal party response. Please note the federal parties have been presented in alphabetical order. The order in no way indicates an endorsement or preference for any political party, leader or candidate. Content has been provided for informational purposes only.

As of October 14, we have received responses to our questions from the Liberal Party of Canada, the New Democratic Party of Canada, and the Green Party of Canada. We will update the page as we receive answers from the remaining parties.

Question 1: Reconciliation

The Manitoba Metis Federation believes that when the Crown and the Metis Nation's Manitoba Metis Community have dialogue, renew or build relationships, negotiate rather than litigate, and find creative and mutually agreeable solutions, they can collectively advance the constitutionally mandated process of the core values to Reconciliation.

On November 15, 2016, the Manitoba Metis Federation and the Government of Canada signed a Framework Agreement for Advancing Reconciliation to establish a formal negotiation process to jointly develop a renewed Nation-to-Nation, Government-to-Government relationship between the Crown and the Manitoba Metis Community. The negotiations between the Manitoba Metis Federation and Canada under the Framework Agreement are active and ongoing.

Through this agreement, how will your Government commit to working on a Nation-to-Nation, Government-to-Government basis with the Metis to advance reconciliation, implement resources into communities and renew the relationship through co-operation, respect for Metis rights, and ending the status quo?

If elected, what action plan with concreate objectives will your party make to uphold the core values of reconciliation as they specifically relate to the Manitoba Metis experience?

Would this action plan include a legislative framework for reconciliation?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

Green Party policy is shaped around meeting our profound commitment to reconciliation with Indigenous peoples. Continuing negotiations under the Framework Agreement is a crucial step in continuing the development of a true nation-to-nation relationship between the Crown and Metis.

While recognizing the inherently colonial relationship set out in the Constitution Act of 1867, a Green government will strive to renew and rebuild a true nation-to-nation relationship with all Indigenous peoples in Canada, including Metis and non-status Indians. The Green Party will work closely with the Manitoba Metis Federation to best provide meaningful funding for services needed and to act promptly to meet these needs. We will establish a relationship in which all Indigenous peoples act in equal partnership with the Crown and all rights are respected.

We are committed to enacting legislation to enshrine United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in law, and fully embrace all 46 articles of the Declaration. A Green government will remove all obstacles within the judicial, legislative and executive branches of government to wholly implement UNDRIP.

 

A re-elected Liberal government will continue to work collaboratively through the Framework Agreement for Advancing Reconciliation to accelerate this work on a Nation to Nation and Government to Government basis. We would continue to implement the related joint action plan with the Manitoba Metis Federation announced in September of 2018, which included a federal investment of $154.3 million to the Manitoba Metis Federation to support progress on the shared priorities set out in that joint document.

A re-elected Liberal government would move forward - in close collaboration with the Manitoba Metis Federation - to continue to deliver better and timelier distinctions-based support. We will continue to invest in the things that make a real difference in the lives of the Metis Nation in Manitoba and its communities. This would include a commitment to addressing critical infrastructure needs in the Metis Nation Manitoba Community by 2030, and providing new investments to support the ongoing operation and maintenance of this infrastructure. It would also include co-developing distinctions-based Indigenous Health legislation - backed with the investments needed to deliver this care - and the development and delivery of services for the Metis Nation's Manitoba Community.

A re-elected Liberal government will also host a First Ministers' Meeting on First Nations, Inuit, and Metis Nation priorities, and continue to advance meaningful inclusion of Metis Nation partners in federal and inter-governmental decision-making processes that have an impact on Indigenous rights and interests. This is in addition to continuing to meet regularly through the Canada Metis Accord, and annual Crown-Metis Nation Summits.

A re-elected Liberal government would work in partnership with the Manitoba Metis Federation on their reconciliation priorities, including through new legislation.

 

New Democrats believe that the time has come for a fundamentally different approach to Crown-Indigenous relations based on the recognition of inherent rights of Indigenous peoples. At the heart of our vision of a better Canada is the need for concrete, specific actions that advance the Metis and all Canadians along the path of reconciliation. The time for good words and promises is over.

New Democrats recognize the Daniels Decision and acknowledge Canada's obligation to support the Metis in Canada. Our relationship with Metis must be based on an acknowledgement of our country's colonial history of cultural genocide and stolen lands, and the path forward must include binding commitments to fair and equitable policies going forward. We will work with the free, prior, and informed consent of the Metis and Manitoba Metis Federation to determine our path forward.

We don't believe a government should be able to determine on its own when it has been successful on reconciliation. Through legislation, a New Democrat government will establish a National Council for Reconciliation to provide oversight and accountability for this process, reporting regularly to Parliament and to people in Canada.

 

Information presented has been provided by each Provincial Party Leader unless indicated otherwise. Political parties have been presented in alphabetical order. The order in no way indicates an endorsement of any political party, leader or candidate. Content has been provided for informational purposes only.

Question 2: Economic

The Manitoba Metis are continuing the path to economic and social development and building strategic relationships. The Manitoba Metis has seen significant investments and advances in portfolios such as Housing, Economic Development, Health, Employment and Training. Forging significant headway toward the redress of historic wrongs and the self-determination of the Metis Nation.

If your party forms government, describe how you would work in partnership with the Metis Nation. What supports will you offer to assist us in closing the economic gap between the Manitoba Metis and other Canadians achieve our rightful place as partners in Confederation and further, contributing as economic partners in growth?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

Building on the renewed cooperation enhanced by the Council of Canadian Governments, a Green government will establish a new fiscal relationship with Indigenous peoples in which all peoples, including Metis, are treated as equal partners and national governments in their own right. We aim to do this by allocating appropriate funding for Metis economic development, particularly when it comes to infrastructure. We will also involve Metis businesses and individuals in federal government procurement and employment opportunities.

We aim to do this by allocating appropriate funding for Metis economic development, particularly when it comes to infrastructure. We will also involve Metis businesses and individuals in federal government procurement and employment opportunities.

 

A re-elected Liberal government will continue to make progress on the priorities of the Manitoba Metis Federation, meeting regularly through the Canada Metis Accord, and annual Crown-Metis Nation Summits. We will move forward - in close collaboration with the Manitoba Metis Federation - to continue to deliver better and more timely distinctions-based support. We will continue the work of advancing self-determination with the Manitoba Metis Federation and investing in the things that make a real difference in the lives of the Metis Nation in Manitoba.

A re-elected Liberal government will also host a First Ministers' Meeting on First Nations, Inuit, and Metis Nation priorities, and continue to advance meaningful inclusion of Metis Nation partners in federal and inter-governmental decision-making processes that have an impact on Indigenous rights and interests.

Building on the significant investments already made to support Metis Nation priorities in the areas of housing, skills and training, early learning and child care, and governance capacity, Budget 2019 continued this progress by investing $50 million over five years to enhance the funding of the Metis Capital Corporations to support the start-up and expansion of Metis small and medium-sized enterprises, and up to $100 million to establish an Indigenous Growth Fund to further encourage investments in Indigenous-led businesses by Aboriginal Financial Institutions, including Metis Capital Corporations. We also provided $362 million over 10 years to support a Metis Nation-led post-secondary education strategy.

A re-elected Liberal government will further build on this progress by establishing a new national benefits-sharing framework to ensure that the Metis Nation's Manitoba Metis Community directly benefits from major resource projects. We will also move forward with a new target to have at least five percent of federal contracts awarded to businesses led by Indigenous Peoples.

Moreover, a re-elected Liberal government would move forward on addressing critical infrastructure needs in the Metis Nation's Manitoba Metis Community by 2030, and providing new investments to support the ongoing operation and maintenance of this infrastructure.

 

New Democrats recognize Metis self-determination, and in government we will respect the path forward established by the Metis National Council and its governing members. We will pursue government-to-government negotiations on issues including self-government, education, housing and health.

We will pursue a new fiscal relationship that secures funding to support programs and services, and also improves access to revenue streams that help close the socio-economic gap and support selfgovernment. We will work with Metis communities to encourage economic development and create good jobs through infrastructure investments and expanded access to broadband internet and cell service. We commit to working with Indigenous entrepreneurs to find solutions for accessing capital and scale up, investing in Indigenous social enterprise projects and entrepreneurship.

 

Question 3: Health and Wellness

The Manitoba Metis Federation recognizes a gap within the health care system and Metis life circumstances which have produced a burden of illnesses (such as diabetes, heart disease and shorter life expectancy) and an ongoing struggle for the Metis community to obtain medications. The Daniels Decision observes a clear obligation that the government owes to the Metis. The Manitoba Metis Federation has taken a leadership role and administered its first prescription drug program (PDP) under Metis Health Benefits effective November 16, 2017.

If elected, will your government collaborate with the Manitoba Metis Government to ensure the support, success and expansion of a Metis specific program to enhance our Manitoba Metis Federation-initiated Metis Health Benefits, including medications initiated to address and solve the historic and continued health care crisis facing Metis Citizens?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

The disparity between the health care provided to Indigenous and non Indigenous communities across Canada is a national disgrace. The Supreme Court of Canada in Daniels held unequivocally that the federal government, not provincial governments, has responsibility for non-status Indians and Metis people. This is a responsibility that the Green Party takes extremely seriously. The delivery of programs and services has been delayed for far too long by petty jurisdictional disputes between provinces and the federal government, and it is time to move past this in favour of real, meaningful progress.

It is unacceptable that any child suffer due to bureaucratic disputes. The Green Party is committed to upholding Jordan's Principle in full, ensuring Indigenous people receive the health care they need without being delayed by bureaucratic disagreements over jurisdiction. As a federal government, we will respect the principle that the government of first contact will pay for the services and seek reimbursement later as needed. We appreciate the tireless advocacy of the First Nations Child & Family Caring Society, as well as Indigenous peoples across Canada, on this issue.

Greens are also committed broadly to improvements to healthcare, including universal pharmacare, dental care for low-income Canadians, and a national mental health strategy. We look forward to working with Metis and other Indigenous governments on delivery of these services in a way that meets communities' individual needs and traditions.

We will also invest in telehealth and mobile medical units, to expand rural health care infrastructure and ensure Indigenous communities have access to critical care. We need a healthcare strategy that takes the specific needs of the Manitoba Metis Community into account.

 

A re-elected Liberal government will co-develop distinctions-based Indigenous Health legislation - backed with the investments needed to deliver this care - and the development and delivery of services for the Metis Nation's Manitoba Metis Community. We would work in close collaboration with the Manitoba Metis Federation to co-develop this legislation and the investments associated with it.

 

New Democrats will make sure that the federal government steps up to close the health gap in Metis communities and for urban Metis people. We recognize that healing the ongoing trauma caused by colonialism and residential boarding, and day schools will require long-term partnership and reliable, ongoing funding.

We will make sure that people can get the treatment they need in their community through investments in Indigenous health-care infrastructure and diagnostic equipment. We will work in partnership with Metis communities to improve access to mental health and addiction services - including an evidence-based action plan to prevent suicide, backed by dedicated federal resources, fully implementing the New Democrat motion on suicide prevention passed by the House of Commons.

New Democrats will work with communities to ensure that Indigenous-led, culturally-appropriate home care and long-term care is available for Elders, in their communities and languages.

 

Question 4: Child Welfare

The over-representation of Metis in Child and Family Services system has been called a “humanitarian crisis” (Government of Canada) and is deeply rooted in inter-generational trauma and colonial practices and policies. Studies show that children in care have poorer outcomes and are at greater risk, of homelessness, addictions, and involvement in the justice system. Systems must change to improve the path for Metis children and families.

If your government is elected, will you implement Bill C-92 and in what ways would you work with the Manitoba Metis Federation to transcend old and flawed models, reform frameworks for child and family services, and support Metis families and their ability to stay together and flourish?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

The Green Party will implement Bill C-92. It is incredibly important that any government puts the needs of Indigenous children first, in recognition of the history of trauma and institutional racism. In working with Indigenous communities to implement this legislation, we will seek an approach that is tailored to the different needs of Indigenous communities, including Metis, across Canada.

We will appoint a federal Children's Advocate, who will speak out on issues that often go otherwise unnoticed, such as the disproportionately large number of Indigenous children in foster care. A Green government will ensure that every First Nations, Metis, and Inuit child in Canada, including those without Indian status and/or who are living off-reserve, has access to quality educational opportunities based on the expressed cultural, political and social priorities of Indigenous governments, following meaningful consultation.

The new child welfare framework will be implemented through collaboration among all orders of government, including provincial, territorial, municipal, and Indigenous governments, at the Council of Canadian Governments.

 

A re-elected Liberal government will work in partnership with the Manitoba Metis Federation to ensure that the Act Respecting First Nations, Inuit, and Metis Children, Youth and Families is fully implemented, with long-term, predictable, and sufficient funding to support the full implementation of the Act.

 

New Democrats will take immediate action to respect, support and resource Indigenous jurisdiction over child-welfare systems, and will back this commitment with long-term, predictable funding guaranteed in legislation so that Metis can exercise their jurisdiction and authority over matters involving their own children and families.

We also commit to ending discrimination against Indigenous children, young people and families by fully implementing the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal orders which ordered the Canadian government to stop chronically underfunding child welfare services.

We will work with Manitoba Metis Federation to implement Bill C-92 with adequate and sustained longterm funding.

 

Information presented has been provided by each Provincial Party Leader unless indicated otherwise. Political parties have been presented in alphabetical order. The order in no way indicates an endorsement of any political party, leader or candidate. Content has been provided for informational purposes only.

Question 5: Language

Languages connect us to cultural history of identity and belonging. The Metis are well known as speakers of many languages. In addition to others the Metis spoke our own language Michif. According the UNESCO Atlas of the Worlds Languages a third of the world's languages are considered endangered and have fewer than 1,000 speakers left, including Michif which is critically endangered.

If elected, what supports would your government contribute to the Manitoba Metis Federation community for a distinctions-based approach to Indigenous language revitalization projects that will preserve, promote and revitalize Michif, the traditional language spoken by the Metis?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

It is crucial that we continue supporting Indigenous languages, including Michif. Greens will commit an additional $10 million annually (on top of existing Liberal commitments) for protection of Indigenous languages, and follow through on the promises in this bill such as the establishment of an Office of the Commissioner of Indigenous Languages. We need to respect Indigenous languages as part of the fabric of our national heritage, and Greens will uphold this responsibility.

 

Building on the significant investments already made to support Metis Nation priorities in the areas of housing, skills and training, early learning and child care, and governance capacity, Budget 2019 continued this progress, including funding for a distinctions-based approach to Indigenous language revitalization projects with $333.7 million over five years to preserve, promote and revitalize Indigenous languages, including Michif, the traditional language spoken by the Metis.

A re-elected Liberal government will work with the Manitoba Metis Federation to ensure that the Indigenous Languages Act is fully implemented, in order to preserve, promote, and revitalize Indigenous languages in Canada, including Michif, supported with long-term, predictable, and sufficient funding.

 

New Democrats recognize the distinct status of Indigenous languages in Canada, including Michif and the other languages that Metis speak. New Democrats know that language preservations and education should be led by the people and cultures who speak and use them, so we will work with Elders, educators and language speakers through a distinctions-based approach to determine priorities for resources to language promotion and revitalization.

 

Question 6: MMIWG Inquiry & Implementation

The final report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls reports the history of colonization has further generated a hierarchy of identity, resulting in conflicts within the Metis community and drawing attention away from the ongoing marginalization that Metis women, girls, and 2SLGBTQQIA people face. The Manitoba Metis Federation is working with the RCMP and Winnipeg Police to find information on unsolved murdered cases, which includes a $10,000 open reward that would lead to conviction or even the recovery of missing bodies to assist in the closure and of healing for Metis families and communities.

If elected, what type of resources will your government allocate to take the urgent measures that are required as described in the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, and how will you work with the Manitoba Metis Federation to implement Metis-specific options?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

A Green government will implement all recommendations of the Inquiry on Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG), which requires engagement across policy areas. We will work with Indigenous organizations to develop a national action plan to end violence against women, girls, and gender-diverse people. This will be complemented by an increase in access to shelters through increased investment in the Shelter Enhancement Program, providing more than 2,100 new and renovated spaces in first-stage shelters and hundreds of spaces in transition houses. Our national transportation strategy will also specifically address the need for affordable and accessible transit, as recommended in the MMIWG report.

We recognize that while a firm commitment is required from any government, policy solutions need to be developed collaboratively. We look forward to working with the Manitoba Metis Federation to build policy solutions that are tailored to the unique needs of the Metis Nation.

 

A re-elected Liberal government will to work with the Manitoba Metis Federation to implement the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Calls to Action, and the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls' Calls for Justice. We are committed to working in partnership with the Manitoba Metis Federation to develop a national action plan - as called for by the National Inquiry - to implement its calls for justice, which is distinctions-based and flexible.

 

The report from the National Inquiry must not sit on a shelf. New Democrats will work in partnership with Metis women, the families of the missing and murdered, and communities to implement the Inquiry's Calls to Justice and the calls brought forward by communities. This includes establishing a comprehensive plan to address violence against Indigenous women, girls, and LGBTQI2S+ people, ensuring that all those fleeing violence have access to culturally-appropriate programming, emergency shelters and transitional housing. All of this work must be done with culturally-appropriate, traumainformed care so that Metis women have support when working to establish a way forward.

We acknowledge that respect for Metis women, girls, and Two-spirit people must be made real by ensuring equitable access and self-determination over land, culture, language, housing, child care, income security, employment, education, and physical, mental, sexual, and spiritual health.

 

Information presented has been provided by each Provincial Party Leader unless indicated otherwise. Political parties have been presented in alphabetical order. The order in no way indicates an endorsement of any political party, leader or candidate. Content has been provided for informational purposes only.

Question 7: Climate Change and Adaptation

Evidence-based perspectives and scientists from around the world have warned that global warming will have widespread economic, environmental and health impacts. The Manitoba Metis have a vital connection to our lands and waters and are committed to participating in a sustainable future to ensure our traditional social and economic Metis rights are protected. The Metis are critical in making meaningful and effective adaptation and mitigation decisions for current and future generations, and to help Canadian society move from risk to resilience.

If elected, what is your government's climate change strategy to incorporate the Manitoba Metis through their MMF Government to take preventive steps and strengthen our economy?

What specific investment will your government make in our Metis community to mitigate and adapt to climate change?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

Our climate plan, Mission: Possible, will help all communities because of the focus on equality and justice. Our fight against climate change is urgent, but provides an opportunity to address the varied needs of communities across the country.

We recognize the importance of traditional knowledge of Indigenous peoples in fighting climate change. Indigenous people have been stewards of these lands since time immemorial, and for us to move forward we must work together to share our knowledge to keep the environment clean. With this in mind, a Green government will commit $100 million annually over the next four years to create Indigenous-led protected areas and conservation areas, financially supporting Indigenous stewardship work.

We will invest in climate-proofing essential infrastructure, prioritizing upgrades to drinking water and wastewater systems to protect against flooding, droughts, and contamination. Our climate plan also involves a shift away from fossil fuel production, and we will implement a just transition program for people employed in the industry. This will include labour supports, retraining and apprenticeship programs, and additional infrastructure funding in affected communities.

Metis governments will be part of the development of the full scope of policies associated with our climate plan through the Council of Canadian Governments.

 

Climate change is already having a serious and irreversible effect on people, on our communities, and on our economy. We can't afford half-measures or a wait-and-see approach. We have already put a price on pollution to help reduce emissions, and introduced a new rebate system that puts more money back in the pockets of Canadians. We will now build on our national climate plan with new measures to help move Canada toward a net-zero emissions future, including strengthening existing rules to cut emissions from Canada's biggest polluters, including oil and gas.

Indigenous stewardship and traditional knowledge are invaluable resources in our efforts to fight climate change and protect a healthy environment for future generations. That is why in 2017 our government provided $31.4 million over 5 years to implement the Indigenous Community-Based Climate Monitoring Program. This program will continue to support Metis Nation Governing Members in developing community-based climate monitoring initiatives.

A re-elected Liberal government will continue to work in partnership with the Manitoba Metis Federation as we develop and implement measures to fight climate change.

Building on the $2 billion we have already invested in helping communities prepare for and prevent weather related disasters like floods and fires, we will move forward with an additional $1 billion investment over the next decade in the Disaster Mitigation and Adaptation Fund, so communities have a proactive, permanent and sustainable way to address the emerging threats of climate change. Metis Nation governments are specifically included as eligible recipients under this program.

Our government also announced this summer that it is investing $3 million, over three years, to support five Metis Nation-led projects through the Indigenous Guardians Pilot Program. These projects will support the protection and conservation of Metis Nation lands and waters.

A re-elected Liberal government will continue to work in partnership with the Manitoba Metis Federation to combat climate change and preserve Canada's natural habitat.

 

An NDP government will put reconciliation at the core of our environmental effort, upholding Indigenous knowledge and respecting inherent sovereignty. Metis are best placed to protect cultural and biological diversity through control over their territory - and so the recognition of inherent rights and title will be at the heart of our approach to addressing climate change.

To make full and equal partnership the basis of Canada's efforts, New Democrats will ensure that Metis leadership have a seat at high-level decision-making tables to help direct climate-change efforts in Canada. Metis need to be partners in the development of job creation, employment training, and infrastructure investments that flow from federal efforts to address climate change, ensuring that they are implemented in ways that fit the needs and priorities of local communities.

 

Information presented has been provided by each Provincial Party Leader unless indicated otherwise. Political parties have been presented in alphabetical order. The order in no way indicates an endorsement of any political party, leader or candidate. Content has been provided for informational purposes only.

Question 8: Education & Training

The Canada-Metis Nation Post-Secondary Education Sub-Accord seeks to prioritize Metis Nation students and was designed to counteract the deep-rooted injustices which have prevented Metis Youth from pursuing equal opportunities in post-secondary education.

How will your government support the MMF to help our Metis students attain their education and career goals?

If elected, will your government commit to keeping the 10 year investment for a Metis Nation stream of ASET funding?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

A Green government will work to ensure that every First Nations, Metis, and Inuit child in Canada, including those without Indian status and/or who are living off-reserve, has access to quality educational opportunities based on the expressed cultural, political and social priorities of Indigenous governments, following meaningful consultation. We believe that the Council of Canadian Governments will help as a forum for development and implementation and that filling funding gaps should be a federal fiscal priority.

We will respect the existing commitments for a Metis Nation stream of funding, recognizing the tireless advocacy of the Metis nation in achieving this agreement.

Greens' commitment to youth also means we will work towards removing obstacles for young people early in their careers. While too many students right now are graduating from university with significant debt, a Green government will make tuition free and forgive the federal portion of existing government student loans. Removing this financial burden will ease participation in the economy for all. We will also remove the two percent cap on increases in education funding for Indigenous students.

A Green government will also invest in jobs for youth. We will enhance the federal Youth Employment and Skills Strategy by creating a Community and Environment Service Corps, providing $1 billion annually to municipalities to hire Canadian youth. Young Metis can benefit from increased opportunities in all communities to get quality work experience and start their careers.

 

Through Budget 2018 our government invested $325 million over five years, and $67 million per year ongoing in the Metis Nation stream of the Indigenous Skills and Employment Training Program, which supports employment services, skills development and job training. Building on the significant investments already made to support Metis Nation priorities in the areas of housing, skills and training, early learning and child care, and governance capacity, Budget 2019 continued this progress by including $362 million over 10 years to support a Metis Nation-led post-secondary education strategy. A re-elected Liberal government will remain committed to these long-term, predictable and sustainable investments in Metis Nation education and will continue to work with the Manitoba Metis Federation to make further investments in your priorities.

 

In government, New Democrats will ensure that every child is provided a safe place to learn and an opportunity to succeed. We will implement Shannen's Dream of equitable access to education, backed by federal investments and infrastructure, so no student will be forced to learn in dangerous environments.

Recognizing that barriers to post-secondary education and training continue, we will support Metis youth and help them bridge the gap to post-secondary education through expanded financial assistance and increased educational opportunities for children who grew up in care, and distance education for rural and remote students. We will commit to keeping the 10-year investment for a Metis Nation stream of ASET funding.

 

Question 9: Consultation & Accomodation

The duty to Consult and Accommodate with the Manitoba Metis is a Section 35 Constitutional requirement before decision-making is done by governments. Consistent with Resolution #8, The Manitoba Metis Federation is the first contact and facilitator of Manitoba Metis Consultation.

If elected, what will your government do to ensure full and proper consultation and accommodation of the Manitoba Metis Community includes effective offset or compensation measures regarding the development of crown land?

What will your government do to ensure proponents undertaking major resource development will fully, properly, and meaningfully engage and promote the participation of the Manitoba Metis Federation?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

We acknowledge the role of the Manitoba Metis Federation as first contact and facilitator of Manitoba Metis consultation. We look forward to a continued working relationship through consultation processes.

Fully restoring the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act is one of our priorities. We will adopt the recommendations of the independent Expert Panel on Environmental Assessment commissioned by the Liberals, creating a more robust assessment regime that involves Indigenous rights holders vastly more than before.

A Green government will fully implement UNDRIP, which necessarily includes a commitment to free, prior, and informed consent. We look forward to working with Metis peoples in Manitoba, as well as First Nations and Inuit peoples across canada, to improve the environmental assessment process.

 

A re-elected Liberal government will continue to fully and properly engage it's duty to consult the Manitoba Metis Community on issues impacting its rights and interests. We will also continue to work collaboratively on accommodation measures, which can include such things as Crown Land.

After the Harper Conservatives failed to protect the environment, eroded public trust, and paralyzed major projects, we put in place better rules through Bill C-69 that:

  • Protect our environment, fish and waterways;
  • Rebuild public trust and respect Indigenous rights;
  • Strengthen our economy and encourage investment; and
  • Create new jobs and economic opportunities for the middle class.

Andrew Scheer has promised oil lobbyists that he would kill Bill C-69 if he is elected.

A re-elected Liberal government will also establish a new national benefits-sharing framework to ensure that the Metis Nation's Manitoba Metis Community directly benefits from major resource projects.

 

New Democrats believe that saying you completed consultations is not enough when working with Indigenous peoples. We believe in giving people in Canada a stronger voice in energy decisions that impact their communities – including the free, prior, and informed consent of affected Metis communities. We will overhaul the process for reviewing major projects to ensure adequate time for public consultation, and provide core funding to support Indigenous communities participating in these processes. We will ensure that proposed projects align with our emissions targets, respect Metis rights, and create good jobs here in Canada and in the communities in which they work.

 

Information presented has been provided by each Provincial Party Leader unless indicated otherwise. Political parties have been presented in alphabetical order. The order in no way indicates an endorsement of any political party, leader or candidate. Content has been provided for informational purposes only.

Question 10: Land Claims

In March 2013, the Supreme Court recognized the obligations to the Metis people enshrined in the Manitoba Act: "The unfinished business of reconciliation of the Metis people with Canadian sovereignty is a matter of national and constitutional import." As the representative of Manitoba's Metis Community, the Manitoba Metis Federation's objective is to negotiate with Canada to reach a land claims agreement that will address this outstanding constitutional grievance.

If you were to become Prime Minister, will you commit to negotiating with MMF to Settle the 2013 land claim decision by the Supreme Court?

If elected, what can you commit to the thousands and thousands of Metis across western Canada that would change their lives and make them feel apart of confederation?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

A Green government would absolutely negotiate with MMF to settle this land claim. It is critical after a long history of colonial oppression that the federal government actually uphold the honour of the Crown.

Greens understand the responsibility to uphold section 35 of the Constitution Act, and to do so by respecting historic agreements between Indigenous peoples and the Crown.

We hope to help Metis across Canada feel part of Confederation by giving Metis governments a seat at the table, as equal partners to the provinces and territories at the Council of Canadian Governments. We believe this kind of sustained commitment to all orders of government, not just the Premiers, is long overdue, and we hope it provides a productive basis for discussion moving forward.

 

A re-elected Liberal government will continue to negotiate and make progress with the Manitoba Metis Federation to resolve the 2013 land claim decision by the Supreme Court.

A re-elected federal government will provide federal support for the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the Metis Nation entering Confederation.

 

New Democrats are committed to negotiating with the Manitoba Metis Federation to settle the 2013 land claim decision.

In government, New Democrats are committed to universal pharmacare and dental care, building homes and rental units that people can afford, putting a cap on cell phone and internet fees, immediate student-debt relief, taking real and bold action on climate change, and putting a tax on multimillionaires. We will take a distinctions-based approach to ensure that Metis across Western Canada receive culturally-appropriate solutions to the issues they identify.

 

Information presented has been provided by each Provincial Party Leader unless indicated otherwise. Political parties have been presented in alphabetical order. The order in no way indicates an endorsement of any political party, leader or candidate. Content has been provided for informational purposes only.

Question 11: Citizenship

A major topic of concern for the Metis Nation is the concept of Metis identity and verification of Metis Citizenship. Many people have come forward in recent years and have used the term Metis to identify themselves, these individuals or organizations are not accepted by the Manitoba Metis Government because they are not apart of the only and historic Metis Nation. These false claims open a floodgate of hundreds of thousands of people trying to identify as a Metis, with a significant cost to the Federal Government, cultural appropriation and damaging the representation of Metis rights.

How will your government mitigate the recognition of individuals and groups who falsely claim Metis ancestry?

We have not yet recieved a response from the Conservative Party of Canada regarding this question.

 

The Green Party supports the right of all Indigenous peoples to self-determination. We don't want anyone to be excluded from legal protections to which they are entitled. Green MPs will work with organizations representing Metis people in a way that respects identity.

While we welcome the guidance of the Supreme Court of Canada on certain issues, a colonial court is not the right venue to determine who is and is not Metis for the purposes of s.35(2). We look forward to productive discussions ahead on policies that matter to all Metis, no matter their organizational and governance affiliations.

 

The Liberal Party of Canada supports the right of self-determination for the Metis Nation and believes these are issues which are most appropriately resolved by Metis Governments. The federal government does not, and should not, define who is a member of the Metis Nation, nor does it maintain a registry of Metis Nation individuals.

 

New Democrats believe that the idea of self-determination has been taken for granted throughout Canadian history and must be recognized in ongoing efforts to undermine Metis and Indigenous rights across Canada. As allies to Metis, New Democrats support the work of the Manitoba Metis Federation and will work with recognized Metis governments on the priorities of Metis in Western Canada.

 

Information presented has been provided by each Provincial Party Leader unless indicated otherwise. Political parties have been presented in alphabetical order. The order in no way indicates an endorsement of any political party, leader or candidate. Content has been provided for informational purposes only.